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Poisoning

Poisoning is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Emergency Consult.

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Emergency Central

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Basics

Description

  • Poisoning may be intentional or unintentional.
  • Patients with change in mental status without clear cause should have poisoning (intoxication, overdose) considered in differential diagnosis.

Etiology

  • Intentional:
    • Depression
    • Suicide
    • Homicide
    • Recreational drug abuse
  • Unintentional (accidental):
    • Common cause in children
    • Therapeutic error (e.g., double dose)
    • Recreational drug experimentation

Pediatric Considerations
  • Accidental ingestions—typically young children (1–5 yr)
  • Consider child abuse if inconsistent or suspicious history.

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Citation

* When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Poisoning ID - 307012 ED - Barkin,Adam Z, ED - Barkin,Roger M, ED - Hayden,Stephen R, ED - Rosen,Peter, ED - Schaider,Jeffrey J, ED - Shayne,Philip, ED - Wolfe,Richard E, BT - 5-Minute Emergency Consult UR - https://emergency.unboundmedicine.com/emergency/view/5-Minute_Emergency_Consult/307012/all/Poisoning PB - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins ET - 5 DB - Emergency Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -